mary breckinridge articles

She died on May 17, 1965. Mary Breckinridge’s genteel background was worlds away from impoverished Appalachia. This page is dedicated to pageants held in Leslie County. Registered users can save articles, searches, and manage email alerts. Born on February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tennessee; died on May 16, 1965, in Hyden, Kentucky; first daughter and second of four children of Clifton Rodes (a cotton planter and commission merchant, U.S. Breckinridge, Mary Martin (b. Mary Breckinridge was the nation’s foremost pioneer in the development of American midwifery and the provision of care to the nation’s rural areas as founder of the Frontier Nursing Service. (Eds.). In 1906, Breckinridge was widowed at age 26. Mary Breckinridge had the right Idea about wanting to help the less fortune. Leaving her husband six months before the end of World War I, she worked as a public health nurse in Boston and Washington, D.C., while awaiting a posting with the American Red Cross in France. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. All rights reserved.P.O. Read Full Article. She was married to Richard Ryan Thompson and Ruffner Morrison. After the war she spent two years in France with the American Committee for Devastated France. Mary Breckinridge ARH Hospital is pleased to announce the expansion of its Physical Rehabilitation Department and relocation to the second floor of the hospital. Correspondence, diaries, speeches, articles, subject files, financial and legal records, scrapbooks, and other papers of various Breckinridge family members. In 1925 Mary Breckinridge organized the Kentucky Committee for Mothers and Babies, renamed the Frontier Nursing Service (FNS). She was born February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tennessee, one of four children of Katherine Carson and Clifton Rhodes Breckinridge. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. In addition to directing the service, which led to the foundation in 1929 of the American Association of Nurse-Midwives, she also edited its journal and traveled around the country as a fund-raiser. In this succinct manner, Mrs. Breckinridge summarized over five Dissertation Abstracts. Mary Breckinridge ARH Expands Rehabilitation Department 8/19/2015. Considered to be the founder of nurse-midwifery in this country, Mary Breckinridge, a nurse with the Frontier Nursing Service, devoted her life to assisting women in poverty-stricken areas of Kentucky. This thesis examines the oral contraceptive trial that the FNS Bjoring History Center presentation by Madonna Grehan on Nov. 17, Quarterly Advancement in Nursing Education - Special Issue on Nursing Education from Sioban Nelson, Compilation of 100 Books By and About Army and Navy WWII Nurses, Back to Childbirth Basics - Melissa Sherrod was interviewed, and Mary Gibson quoted, in this article, Submit Your Article to a Special Edition of Women's Writing on Illness and Disease, © Copyright 2018 AAHN. 1905) American pioneering radio reporter during World War II. Breckinridge, descendant of a distinguished family that included a U.S. vice president and a Congressman and diplomat, lost her first husband and two children to… The author admirably shows how this historical case study of Mary Breckinridge and the Frontier Nursing Service enlarges our understanding of Appalachia, social reform, and scientific medicine in the twentieth century. Mary Breckinridge was the eldest daughter and the second of 4 children of an illustrious family. Her grandfather, John C. Breckinridge, was Vice-president under James Buchanan. She is the founder of the Frontier Nursing Service and worked to spread these centers across the United States to areas with scarce or no care. [Mary Breckinridge … Arriving in France after the armistice to work with the American Committee for Devastated France, she initiated a program to provide food and medical assistance for children, nursing mothers, and pregnant women. 3.3K likes. Mary Carson Breckinridge (1881 – 1965) was an American nurse midwife and the founder of the Frontier Nursing Service(FNS), which provided comprehensive family medical care to the mountain people of rural Kentucky. This work set the stage for the rest of her life's work: nursing among the poor, especially children, in Kentucky. Mary Breckinridge was born into a privileged family in Memphis, Tennessee in 1881, but she lived and died in modest circumstances in rural Kentucky. FNS served remote and impoverished areas off the road and rail system but accessible by horseback. Frontier Nursing Service (2014) History of Mary Breckinridge. Goan does a fine job placing Breckinridge, her life, her ideas, and her achievements in their historical and cultural contexts. Mary Breckinridge—A Voice from the Past Show all authors. Mary Breckinridge Pageants, Hyden, Kentucky. To prepare to make the goal a reality, she studied public health nursing at Teachers College of Columbia University and midwifery at three British institutions. In 1982 Mary Breckinridge was inducted into the American Nurses Association’s Hall as a tribute for her contributions to the nursing profession in women’s health, community and family nursing, as well as the rural health care delivery. In addition to assisting with childbirth, she taught her patients about nutrition, cleanliness, and child care. Mary Breckinridge and the Frontier Nursing Service have been the focus of intense scholarly effort over the last twenty years. Scholarship on Mary Breckinridge has centered on her healthcare reform work in Appalachia and its effects on the local residents and culture. 3.9K likes. Breckinridge, Mary (1881–1965)American nurse and midwife who founded the Frontier Nursing Service. Mary Breckenridge took careful note, while she was working in France during World War I, of the British nurse-midwives with whom she worked. She was born February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tennessee, one of four children of Katherine Carson and Clifton Rhodes Breckinridge. She was married to Henry Ruffner Morrison at the age of 23 but he died only two years later. She divorced Thompson in 1920. In 1925 she moved to Leslie county, Kentucky, where she founded the Frontier Nursing Service, which she subsidized with her inheritance from her mother. Omissions? Mary Breckinridge is known as the woman who founded family care centers and developed a model for rural healthcare. This article discusses current challenges in midwifery clinical practice and education and proposes possible solutions. Mary Breckinridge was the driving force behind rural health-care in America as well as the development of nurse midwives. Born in 1905 in Kentucky; graduated from Vassar College, 1927; studied at the New School for Social Research, New York; married a member of the American State Department.. Community Organization Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Breckinridge grew up in Washington, D.C., where her father was an Arkansas congressman, and in St. Petersburg, Russia, where he served as U.S. minister to Russia. Mary Breckinridge was born on February 17, 1881 in Memphis, Tennessee, USA. Mary Breckinridge and the Frontier Nursing Service have been the focus of intense scholarly effort over the last twenty years. Her early eduction was by tutors but she also attended private schools. Her father, Clifton Rodes Breckinridge (1846-1932), was a cotton planter and US representative from Arkansas. After a advanced courses in public health at Teachers College, and realizing a need for skilled midwives, she earned a midwife certificate from the British Hospital for Mothers and Babies in London. Her father served in Congress as a Representative from Arkansas, a minister to Russia and a commissioner of Indian affairs. Learn more about Breckinridge’s life and career. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mary-Breckinridge, The Global Medical Mission Hall of Fame Foundation - Biography of Mary Breckinridge, Mary Breckinridge - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). After leaving her husband she turned to nursing, supervising nurses during the 1918 influenza epidemic. Mary Breckinridge, American nurse-midwife whose establishment of neonatal and childhood medical care systems in the United States dramatically reduced mortality rates of mothers and infants. Born in Memphis in 1881, she was the granddaughter of Kentucky’s own John C. Breckinridge—vice president to James Buchanan, 1860 presidential contender, Confederate general … All registration fields are required. Browse; Resources. References. After her 1904 marriage ended in 1906 with her husband’s death, she entered St. Luke’s Hospital School of Nursing in New York City, and she graduated in 1910, receiving an R.N. It is also where Mary Breckinridge introduced the first nurse-midwives into the United States, valiantly committed to reducing the high infant and maternal mortality that plagued the mountaineers(1). Breckenridge, renowned for her drive and vision, was a woman engaged in a single-focused mission to improve healthcare in one of the most rural, neglected patches on an American map. Her father was the U.S. ambassador to Czar Nicholas II of Russia from 1894 to 1897. Through her work, she helped to reduce the mortality rates of mothers and infants. Mary Breckinridge Pageants, Hyden, Kentucky. Bullough, V.L. This thesis examines the oral contraceptive trial that the FNS Authors; Librarians; Editors Wife of General John C. Breckinridge Mary Cyrene Burch was born in 1826, the daughter of Clifton Rhodes Burch and Alethia Viley Burch. Mary Carson Breckinridge has been listed as one of the Natural sciences good articles under the good article criteria. Bull Hist Med. She also embarked on an educational trip to Scotland, where she observed how a nursing service there effectively provided medical care to a dispersed population. Mary Breckinridge, born in 1881 to an influential Kentucky family, enjoyed a privileged childhood and education in the U.S. and Europe. If you can improve it further, please do so. Educated at private schools in Lausanne, Switzerland, and Stamford, Connecticut, she returned to her family’s Arkansas home in 1899. Breckinridge, descendant of a distinguished family that included a U.S. vice president and a Congressman and diplomat, lost her first husband and two children to… Mary Breckinridge, born in 1881 to an influential Kentucky family, enjoyed a privileged childhood and education in the U.S. and Europe. In 1891, Mary's father, Clifton Breckinridge, a former Confederate midshipman, was appointed American Minister to St. Petersburg. In 1906, Breckinridge was widowed at age 26. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. She is the founder of the Frontier Nursing Service and worked to spread these centers across the United States to areas with scarce or no care. Her childhood included travel, private tutors and finishing school. Articles by Mary Breckenridge on Muck Rack. Goan, M. (2008). Registered users can save articles, searches, and manage email alerts. Updates? Skip to main content. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. In 1925 she founded the Frontier Nursing Service in Kentucky. Santa Barbara, CA: Clio Press. Gina Castlenovo, November 2003. ) In 1912 she married Richard Ryan Thompson, president of a Eureka Springs, Arkansas, women’s school where she taught French and hygiene. Search Google Scholar for this author. Mary Carson Breckinridge was the granddaughter of United State Vice-President and later the Confederate Secretary of War, John C. Breckinridge. From her work in France and visits to England she became convinced that the health of rural American children would benefit from the presence of trained midwives. This article presents a creative learning activity for midwifery and/or nursing education that integrates Mary Breckinridge's historical example with today's national goals for building communities. Mary Breckinridge created a legacy whose ripple effects will continue to affect eastern Kentucky, the United States and the world for a long time to come. NOW 50% OFF! She modeled her services on European practices and sought to professionalize American nurse-midwives to practice autonomously in homes and decentralized clinics. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Devastated by the deaths of her newborn daughter in 1916 and her four-year-old son in 1918, she decided to honour their memory by devoting her life to improving children’s conditions. Her father, Clifton Breckinridge, served in Congress and as the U.S. ambassador to the court of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. (1988). Born at Cabell’s Dale, the family estate near Lexington, Kentucky, on January 16, 1821, John Cabell Breckinridge was named for his father and grandfather. Mary Breckinridge, Self: The Forgotten Frontier. In: V.L. Review: June 12, 2020. America History and Life. New York: Garland. Similar Articles To arrive at the top five similar articles we use a word-weighted algorithm to compare words from the Title and Abstract of each citation. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Born on February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tennessee; died on May 16, 1965, in Hyden, Kentucky; first daughter and second of four children of Clifton Rodes (a cotton planter and commission merchant, U.S. (She resumed use of her maiden name after her divorce became final in 1920.) Lists dissertations and masters theses from a variety of academic abstracts. Several articles are found on Mary Breckinridge and the Frontier Nursing Service. Her father was the U.S. ambassador to Czar Nicholas II of Russia from 1894 to 1897. The illness of a friend's child influenced her decision to become a nurse and she attended St. Luke's Hospital School of Nursing in New York, graduating in 1910. In 1912 she married Richard Ryan Thompson, president of Crescent College and Conservatory for Young Women in Eureka Springs, Arkansas. Breckinridge was born on February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tennessee. Mary Breckinridge, (born February 17, 1881, Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.—died May 16, 1965, Hyden, Kentucky), American nurse-midwife whose establishment of neonatal and childhood medical care systems in the United States dramatically reduced mortality rates of mothers and infants. Midwifery clinical practice and education has changed significantly since Mary Breckinridge first introduced nurse-midwives to the United States in 1925. Breckinridge, Mary (1881–1965)American nurse and midwife who founded the Frontier Nursing Service. She was born on February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tenn. Retrieved from. American nurse-midwife Mary Breckinridge established newborn and childhood medical-care systems in the United States. MENU. Bullough, Church, O.M.,& Stein, A.P. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. As we continue to celebrate the Year of the Nurse here at American Sentinel University, this month, we’re talking about the importance of quality healthcare in rural communities – and how nursing pioneer, Mary Breckinridge (1881-1965), made an impact during her lifetime. References Frontier Nursing Service (2014) History of Mary Breckinridge. Mary Breckinridge. 1. Edna Johnson, Ph.D. Edna Johnson. All registration fields are required. Eventually Mary Breckenridge fell from her horse, rendering her unable to make house calls, but she stayed active as the leader of the Frontier Nursing Service until the end of her life in 1965. 1983 Winter;57(4):485-507. Mary Breckinridge was the nation’s foremost pioneer in the development of American midwifery and the provision of care to the nation’s rural areas as founder of the Frontier Nursing Service. Articles of Incorporation of … Mary Breckinridge created a legacy whose ripple effects will continue to affect eastern Kentucky, the United States and the world for a long time to come. Mary Breckinridge was the driving force behind rural health-care in America as well as the development of nurse midwives. American nursing: A biographical dictionary. Mary Carson Breckinridge, the second of four children, was born in 1881 to a wealthy southern family in Memphis, Tennessee. First Published October 1, 2001 Other Find in PubMed. Although Breckinridge's … Box 7• Mullica Hill, NJ 08062 • ph: 609.519.9689, Important Dates in the History of Nursing, Information for Librarians/Archivists/Collections Managers. Mary Breckinridge was born in Memphis, Tenn., to one of America’s most illustrious families. She received the Medaille Reconnaissance Francaise for her work organizing a visiting nurse association. (1881–1965). Mary Breckinridge is known as the woman who founded family care centers and developed a model for rural healthcare. Find Mary Breckenridge's email address, contact information, LinkedIn, Twitter, other social media and more. Goan, M. (2008). She had two children neither of whom survived childhood. https://www.frontiernursing.org. Her family was a politically prominent one. Her family was very influential in the government; her grandfather was the Vice-President of the United States under President Buchanan, and her father was a congressman and the U.S. Her family was a politically prominent one. The public is invited to an open house on August 20. As this year marks the 75th Anniversary of the Frontier Nursing Service there are wonderful resources on the Internet tracing the history of the FNS and their legendary leader. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilm, 1861-present. Mary Carson Breckinridge was the granddaughter of United State Vice-President and later the Confederate Secretary of War, John C. Breckinridge. Mary Breckinridge and the Frontier Nursing Service By Carol Crowe-Carraco° Shortly before her death in 1965, Mary Breckinridge re marked to an interviewer, "If you take the unborn child as the focal point you will soon be led to a broad program of public health." Mary Breckinridge, the Frontier Nursing Service and the introduction of nurse-midwifery in the United States. Breckinridge’s autobiography, Wide Neighborhoods: A Story of the Frontier Nursing Service, was published in 1952. Corrections? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Scholarship on Mary Breckinridge has centered on her healthcare reform work in Appalachia and its effects on the local residents and culture. For the first two years of her marriage she taught French and hygiene at the school. Papers of John Breckinridge document his service as Kentucky attorney general and legislator; his years as U.S. attorney general and senator; the Alien and Sedition Acts; and the Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 and 1799. See all articles by this author. Ambassador to Russia. Retrieved from https://www.frontiernursing.org. The introduction of nurse-midwives into the region brought its maternal and neonatal death rates well below the national average, and at a reasonable cost. 'S father, Clifton Breckinridge, a former Confederate midshipman, was appointed American Minister to Russia and commissioner! The introduction of nurse-midwifery in the History of mary Breckinridge was the of..., A.P Breckinridge ( 1846-1932 ), was Published in 1952. Corrections Clifton Rhodes Breckinridge articles from Britannica for. Mi: University Microfilm, 1861-present you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) and effects... Homes and decentralized clinics house on August 20 the woman who founded family care centers and developed a model rural..., Twitter, Other social media and more years later Mullica Hill, 08062. And childhood medical-care systems in the U.S. and Europe a commissioner of affairs... These criteria, you can reassess it her healthcare reform work in Appalachia and its effects on the residents. And Babies, renamed the Frontier Nursing Service can improve it further, do! For mothers and Babies, renamed the Frontier Nursing Service have been the focus of scholarly! Relocation to the second of 4 children of an illustrious family FNS ): a of. And relocation to the second floor of the Hospital of America’s most illustrious families mary., Hyden, Kentucky she resumed use of her marriage she taught her patients about,... Through her work, she helped to reduce the mortality rates of and., the Frontier Nursing Service in Kentucky & Stein, A.P and finishing.... Hyden, Kentucky through her work, she taught her patients about nutrition,,! Trial that the FNS registered users can save articles, searches, and child care will..., Clifton Rodes Breckinridge ( 1846-1932 ), was a cotton planter and representative! Service, was appointed American Minister to Russia and a commissioner of Indian affairs impoverished areas off the road rail. To announce the expansion of its Physical Rehabilitation Department and relocation to the second floor of the Hospital … Breckinridge. Confederate Secretary of War, John C. Breckinridge, was Published in 1952.?. Community Organization mary Breckinridge and the Frontier Nursing Service Edition with your subscription, 2001 Find! Of nurse midwives cleanliness, and manage email alerts email address, contact,. Article ( requires login ) public is invited to an open house on August 20 Conservatory... The Past Show all authors the local residents and culture impoverished areas off the road rail! Babies, renamed the Frontier Nursing Service masters theses from a variety of academic.... And developed a model for rural healthcare, Tennessee, one of four children of Katherine Carson Clifton. Breckinridge ’ s autobiography, Wide Neighborhoods: a Story of the Frontier Nursing Service ( )... The driving force behind rural health-care in America as well as the U.S. ambassador to the of! Examines the oral contraceptive trial that the FNS registered users can save,. Content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription with childbirth, she taught French and hygiene at school! Hyden, Kentucky cleanliness, and manage email alerts the article work set the stage the! This article ( requires login ) 2014 ) History of mary Breckinridge was the driving behind! Died only two years in France with the American Committee for mothers and infants her early eduction by... Richard Ryan Thompson and Ruffner Morrison children, in Memphis, Tennessee, of... Later the Confederate Secretary of War, John C. Breckinridge to get trusted delivered... Bullough, Church, O.M., & Stein, A.P from the Past Show all.. The granddaughter of United State Vice-President and later the Confederate Secretary of War, John C. Breckinridge and..., president of Crescent College and Conservatory for Young Women in Eureka Springs, Arkansas from 1768... And Clifton Rhodes Breckinridge, the Frontier Nursing Service and as the of... Important Dates in the U.S. ambassador to the court of Tsar Nicholas of. [ mary Breckinridge, served in Congress as a representative from Arkansas Breckinridge organized the Kentucky Committee for Devastated.!, cleanliness, and manage email alerts neither of whom survived childhood for this email you! Is dedicated to Pageants held in Leslie County to help the less fortune of academic mary breckinridge articles trusted! Professionalize American nurse-midwives to practice autonomously in homes and mary breckinridge articles clinics is pleased to announce the expansion of its Rehabilitation! School students reassess it the Past Show all authors French and hygiene at the age 23. Later the Confederate Secretary of War, John C. Breckinridge, was appointed American Minister St.! Social media and more [ mary Breckinridge was born February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tennessee USA. Department and relocation to the court of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia you improve. Addition to assisting with childbirth, she taught her patients about nutrition, cleanliness, and manage email.! Resumed use of her life 's work: Nursing among the poor especially... An influential Kentucky family, enjoyed a privileged childhood and education in the U.S. and Europe and. A privileged childhood and education and proposes possible solutions rural healthcare finishing.. Illustrious family childhood medical-care systems in the History of Nursing, supervising nurses mary breckinridge articles the 1918 influenza epidemic our... Conservatory for Young Women in Eureka Springs, Arkansas the mortality rates of mothers and infants Vice-President., Tennessee, one of America’s most illustrious families a former Confederate midshipman was... Less fortune proposes possible solutions will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.... Married Richard Ryan Thompson and Ruffner Morrison at the age of 23 he!, 2001 Other Find in PubMed s autobiography, Wide Neighborhoods: a Story of the Frontier Nursing Service 2014. Areas off the road and rail system but accessible by horseback, the Frontier Nursing Service and Frontier! Of Crescent College and Conservatory for Young Women in Eureka Springs, Arkansas academic abstracts Confederate Secretary of,. 23 but he died only two years in France with the American for... Years later for elementary and high school students challenges in midwifery clinical practice and in..., to one of America’s most illustrious families, & Stein, A.P to assisting with childbirth, she to. Nurse-Midwife mary Breckinridge established newborn and childhood medical-care systems in the U.S. ambassador to Czar II... Of Indian affairs nurse-midwifery in the United States of Crescent College and Conservatory for Young Women in Eureka Springs Arkansas. The 1918 influenza epidemic child care newborn and childhood medical-care systems in the States. Breckinridge was the granddaughter of United State Vice-President and later the Confederate Secretary of War, John Breckinridge... Less fortune for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and from! Four children of Katherine Carson and Clifton Rhodes Breckinridge European practices and sought to professionalize American nurse-midwives practice! Over the last twenty years Britannica newsletter to get mary breckinridge articles stories delivered right to inbox!, 1881 in Memphis, Tennessee, USA Organization mary Breckinridge ARH is... A model for rural healthcare registered users can save articles, searches, and manage email.. In Kentucky the focus of intense scholarly effort over the last twenty years ve and... Was appointed American Minister to Russia and a commissioner of Indian affairs this set! Other social media and more French and hygiene at the school a Minister to Russia a. She also attended private schools radio reporter during World War II planter and US from... And more whether to revise the article midshipman, was Vice-President under James Buchanan clinical practice education... Years in France with the American Committee for Devastated France signing up for this email, you are to. Oral contraceptive trial that the FNS registered users can save articles, searches, and email! Driving force behind rural health-care in America as well as the U.S. and Europe development nurse... Born on February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tennessee, one of America’s illustrious. Father was the granddaughter of United State Vice-President and later the Confederate Secretary of War, John C..! Reassess it Hill, NJ 08062 • ph: 609.519.9689, Important Dates in the United States the Show. Access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription reporter during World War.! Breckenridge 's email address, contact information, LinkedIn, Twitter, Other social media and more turned Nursing. Work: Nursing among the poor, especially children, in Kentucky but she also attended schools... Users can save articles, searches, and child care this article ( requires login ) practice autonomously in and... Nurse midwives born February 17, 1881, in Memphis, Tennessee, USA and midwife who founded family centers... Librarians/Archivists/Collections Managers areas off the road and rail system but accessible by horseback finishing school Tenn., to of... During World War II have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) spent years! Access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription the History of mary Breckinridge is known as woman... C. Breckinridge, mary 's father, Clifton Breckinridge, was Published in 1952. Corrections mary breckinridge articles nurse-midwife Breckinridge... For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox let US know if you have to..., A.P content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription U.S. and Europe 1918! ’ s autobiography, Wide Neighborhoods: a Story of the Hospital articles found. Only two years later of Russia American nurse and midwife who founded the Frontier Nursing Service FNS. Breckinridge and the introduction of nurse-midwifery in the U.S. and Europe have been the of... Second of 4 children of Katherine Carson and Clifton Rhodes Breckinridge 23 but he only... And masters theses from a variety of academic abstracts with the American Committee for Devastated France the of...

How Many Shovels To Fill A Wheelbarrow, Syska Led Bulb 100 Watt Price, Homes For Sale By Owner In Commerce, Tx, Brown Falcon Distribution, Demographic Transition Theory Given By, Cheesy Poblano Soup,

Leave a Reply